Marrakech most famous monuments are the Koutoubia Mosque, Bahia Palace, El Badi Palace, Marrakech Ramparts, Gate of the Gnaoua, Majorelle Garden, La Menara Gardens, Agdal Garden, Saadian Tombs and Madrassa Ben Youssef.
About the Koutoubia Mosque: this most photographed Marrakech monument is the landmark of the Red City. Marrakech most famous monuments dates back from the 12th century. The Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakech is the largest mosque in Marrakech and its minaret was completed under the reign of the Almohad Caliph.
The tower of the Koutoubia is 69 m (221 ft) height and has a lateral length of 12.8 m (41 ft). Very tall building that on a clear day can be seen as far as 30km (18 miles) of distance. The Koutoubia is built following Hispano-Moorish architecture and its name comes from “libraries”.
The mosque was ordered by the Sultan Abd el-Moumen. It tells the legend that the 4 balls on top of the minaret came from the melted gold of Zineb, the wife of Youssef ben Tachfine. This mosque and the minaret facade served as model to the famous Giralda tower in Seville, Spain.
Marrakech Saints: the seven patron Saints of Marrakech are for everyday of the week. Monday is Sidi es Soheili; for Tuesday: Sidi Youssef Ben Ali; for Wednesday: Qadi Ayad; for Thursday: Sidi Bel Abbes; for Friday: Sidi Ben Slimane el Jazouli; for Saturday: Sidi Abd el Aziz; and finally for Sunday: Moul el Ksour.
Sultan Moulay Ismail made this pilgrimage to Marrakech saints called ziara official and institutionalized. The ziara pilgrimage of the tombs of the Seven Patron Saint of Marrakech makes pilgrims visit the seven patron saints each day in one of the mausoleums called zaouias.